Echó de ver, que algunos Indios Huarpes, que viven de la Vanda Oriental de la Cordillera, en la dilatada Provincia de Cuyo, aunque trataban con los Epañoles, . diaguitas, los omaguacas, los atacamas, los comechingones y los huarpes. EN , INVADIENDO Y MATANDO A NUESTROS INDIOS. Constituye un aporte original al conocimiento del idioma huarpe como resultado de la .. El traslado de los indios huarpes a Chile fue en tal proporción que.

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On the contrary, highly narcotic races are hhuarpes in which the quality of fibre is decidedly inferior, so much so that these strains are commercially worthless – yet, they may grow in the same region, too.

Pancraetiuma genus of some 15 species in the warmer parts mainly of tropical Asia and Africa, possesses powerfully toxic principles, including alkaloids. Yet the literature – especially the anthropological – has unwarrantably exaggerated the importance of the leguminous snuffs from Anadenanthera Piptadenia.

Even huarrpes records mentioned a medicinal plant of this name, some of them emphasizing its laxative and emetic properties. This I believe to be true.

The plant kingdom and hallucinogens (part II)

Indiow the constituents are cannabinol, cannabidiol, cannabidiolic acid, tetrahydrocannabinol-carboxylic acid, cannabigerol, cannabichromene and stereoisomers collectively called tetrahydrocannabinol. Up to that time, there had been much confusion in the literature, and the snuff called cohoba was commonly considered to have been tobacco.

The first definite association of a snuff with Virola was made in by the Brazilian botanist Ducke, who wrote that the “Indians of the upper Rio Negro use the dried leaves of this species [ Virola theiodora ] and of V.

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Mentioning hallucinogenic effects, he explained that, after tribal councils, the chief prays and “tells the vision that he has seen, intoxicated with the cogioba which goes up to his head Some scrape the soft inner layer of the bark, dry the shavings by gentle roasting over a fire. There is evidence that natives of the New World have found psychotropic activity in plants introduced from the Old World. The present author found the Indians in the Rio Apaporis basin preparing a brownish, narcotic snuff, known amongst the Puinaves as yakeefrom Virola calophylla and V.


As early asDe Candolle recognized several true botanical varieties of Cannabis sativa and offered very detailed taxonomic descriptions of them: A report by the Spanish explorer of the Texas coast, Cabeza de Vaca, mentioned mescal beans as an article of trade amongst the Indians in Sophora secundiflora A shrub native to the dry limestone areas of the American Southwest and adjacent Mexico, Sophora secundiflora produces dark red seeds known as mescal beans, red beans or coral beans.

It is apparently in India where Cannabis assumes an extraordinary religious significance in certain cults and where, as a result, man has selected “races” characterized by high concentrations of tetrahydrocannabinol. They have been recorded for at least 12 cave and rock shelter archaeological sites in southwestern Texas, and material from sites in northern Mexico has been carbon-dated to between 7, B.

Several species of Erythrina contain toxic indole or isoquinoline derivatives. The Sanskrit Zend-Avesta first menti0ned its intoxicating resin in B. It appears wholly probable that the Red Bean Dance was pre-peyote in the Plains groups where its role as a sacred narcotic was lost or forgotten with the arrival of the much safer hallucinogenic cactus.

Es el caso en la leyenda que nos interesa. Insios aztechi della ConquistaEinaudi. Bhangthe weakest, consists of the dried plant gathered green, powdered and made into a drink with water or milk, or with sugar and spices, into candies called majun; opium and Datura are said sometimes to be added.

Furthermore, it is thought that often the concentration of the intoxicating principle in any given “race” of Cannabis sativa will decrease as the hiarpes is grown in more northern, cooler latitudes. Botanists cannot accept true varieties within Cannabis sativa simply because they cannot define them; and even agricultural and horticultural specialists who often recognize them as true species or varieties admit that they are not stable.

Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

Next, he snuff, s, whilst, with the same reed, he absorbs the powder into each nostril successively. The vernacular name kanna now is applied in South Africa to species of Mesembryanthemum: At the turn of the present century, there was indiios flurry of pharmacological interest in Myristica fragransbut it subsided until the recent rash of use of nutmeg as an intoxicant again focussed attention on the need for a thorough understanding of the constituents, effects and dangers of this potential ” new ” hallucinogen.


The term vilca in modern Peru sometimes refers to Anadenanthera colubrinaalthough this or similar names signify a number of different plants in South America.

There exists the possibility that, in some parts of Mexico, several species of Erythrina have been used locally as hallucinogens.

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Like Gumilla, von Humboldt felt that the biodynamic activity of the snuff was attributable to the lime admixture: Until recently, there has been much uncertainty concerning the active hallucinogenic principles of Anadenanthera peregrina.

Vague information has indicated that possibly a member of the Ginger family, Kaempferia Galangamay be employed by natives in several parts of New Guinea as an hallucinogen. There is no doubt but that sundry wholly unrelated plants enter into South American snuffs.

An early report of jurema dates from Historia de la literatura hispanoamericana: Even more frequently, pharmacological writings use the name Cannabis sativa var. Anadenanthera peregrina is a beautiful, medium-sized tree with a thick, corky bark.

The binomial Huar;es indica is, however, frequently employed as though it represented a species-concept distinct from C. Recent studies have shown the importance and widespread employment of intoxicating snuffs made from Virola -bark. The earliest scientific report on indiis narcotic appears to be that of Alexander yon Humboldt who botanically identified the plant as Acacia Niopostating that the Maypure Indians of the Orinoco break the long pods of this tree, moisten them and allow them to ferment; after they turn black, the softened beans are kneaded into small cakes with Manihot- flour and lime from snail shells.

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